Machines are used to give the required plateau finish, and cross hatch pattern to the cylinder bore as it is honed to the correct size After honing each cylinder is checked throughout its length with a cylinder bore gauge, to ensure that it is within the manufacturers sizes and tolerances.
The main objective when refinishing the cylinders is to make the walls as straight as possible (no taper), the bores as round as possible (minimal distortion, which is especially important with low tension rings), to have the right amount of crosshatch for good oil retention and ring support, and to produce a surface finish that meets the requirements of the rings. This is done by boring and/or honing the cylinders in one or several steps with various types of abrasives (vitrified or diamond).
After honing, the cylinders need to be cleaned remove residual abrasive and metallic debris that is left in the bores. Washing and scrubbing with warm soapy water will remove most of the unwanted material. But washing alone does not loosen or remove surface “swarf” such as torn or folded metal that can wear rings and delay ring seating. The only way to get rid of this material and smooth the bores is to “polish” the bores after honing with some type of flexible abrasive brush.
Remember we can be contacted on 01204 362777 for all engine related repairs..